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Walhalla, Donaustauf

Befreiungshalle Kelheim

Wittelsbacher King Ludwig I. of Bavaria, a fan of Greece and Greek antique culture started to plan a monumental temple in the form of a Parthenon to commemorate German Celebrities, important persons, as early as 1807 when he started to order and buy busts of those persons. New persons are still added up til today.

The Walhalla was then built by Architect Leo von Klenze and inaugurarted 1847.

 

It is the oldest of the monumental Memorial Buildings in Germany which were built in the 19th century. (Niederwalddenkmal, Kyffhäuser, Deutsches Eck, Berliner Siegessäule, Herrmannsdenkmal…)

1890 Ludwig I. himself received a monument in the temple, not a bust as the others but as the only one a full statue in the prominent center of the building.

Here are some of the prominent persons mentioned:

Busts:

Martin Luther (was not there at the beginning)

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

Friedrich von Schiller

Heinrich I. (Ottone)

Friedrich I. Barbarossa

Albecht Dürer

Maximilian I.

Anton Van Dyck

Willhelm III.  (Stuart,Of Orania)

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Immanuel Kant

Ludwig van Beethoven

Otto von Bismarck

Jakob Fugger

Richard Strauss

Albert Einstein

Rudolph von Habsburg

Maria Theresia

Katharina II.

Richard Wagner

Carl Friedrich Gauss

Heinrich Heine (not a big fan of Ludwig I. who criticized that Luther was not there at the beginning)

Sophie Scholl

 

Memorial Plaques:

Karl der Große

St. Willibrord Bischof von Utrecht

Duke Otto I. von Bayern

Meister Gerhard

Friedrich der Schöne

Elisabeth von Thüringen

Walther von der Vogelweide

 

….. and many more …..

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Befreiungshalle Kelheim

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