Wittelsbacher King Ludwig I. of Bavaria, a fan of Greece and Greek antique culture started to plan a monumental temple in the form of a Parthenon to commemorate German Celebrities, important persons, as early as 1807 when he started to order and buy busts of those persons. New persons are still added up til today.
The Walhalla was then built by Architect Leo von Klenze and inaugurarted 1847.
It is the oldest of the monumental Memorial Buildings in Germany which were built in the 19
th century. ( Niederwalddenkmal, Kyffhäuser, Deutsches Eck, Berliner Siegessäule, Herrmannsdenkmal…)
1890 Ludwig I. himself received a monument in the temple, not a bust as the others but as the only one a full statue in the prominent center of the building.
Here are some of the prominent persons mentioned:
Martin Luther (was not there at the beginning)
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Friedrich von Schiller
Heinrich I. (Ottone)
Friedrich I. Barbarossa
Anton Van Dyck
Willhelm III. (Stuart, Of Orania)
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Ludwig van Beethoven
Otto von Bismarck
Rudolph von Habsburg
Carl Friedrich Gauss
Heinrich Heine ( not a big fan of Ludwig I. who criticized that Luther was not there at the beginning)
Karl der Große
St. Willibrord Bischof von Utrecht
Duke Otto I. von Bayern
Friedrich der Schöne
Elisabeth von Thüringen
Walther von der Vogelweide
….. and many more …..
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